John Wayne and nicknamed Duke, was an American actor and filmmaker. 101 things i learned in film school pdf free in Winterset, Iowa, Wayne grew up in Southern California.
He was president of Glendale High class of 1925. Initially working for the Fox Film Corporation, he appeared mostly in small bit parts. Wayne’s career took off in 1939, with John Ford’s Stagecoach making him an instant star. He went on to star in 142 motion pictures altogether, including the dozens with his name above the title produced before 1939.
Biographer Ronald Davis said, “John Wayne personified for millions the nation’s frontier heritage. Wayne was born Marion Robert Morrison on May 26, 1907 at 224 South Second Street in Winterset, Iowa. The local paper, Winterset Madisonian, reported on page 4 of the edition of May 30, 1907 that Wayne weighed 13 lbs. His middle name was soon changed from Robert to Mitchell when his parents decided to name their next son Robert.
Wayne’s family moved to Palmdale, California, and then in 1916 to Glendale, California, where his father worked as a pharmacist. He attended Glendale Union High School where he performed well in both sport and academics. Wayne was part of his high school’s football team and its debating team. A local fireman at the station on his route to school in Glendale started calling him “Little Duke” because he never went anywhere without his huge Airedale Terrier, Duke. He preferred “Duke” to “Marion”, and the nickname stuck. Wayne attended Wilson Middle School in Glendale. As a teen, he worked in an ice cream shop for a man who shod horses for Hollywood studios.
Naval Academy, but he was not accepted. Wayne also played on the USC football team under coach Howard Jones. Wayne later noted that he was too terrified of Jones’ reaction to reveal the actual cause of his injury, a bodysurfing accident. As a favor to USC football coach Howard Jones, who had given silent western film star, Tom Mix, tickets to USC games, director John Ford, and Mix hired Wayne as a prop boy and extra. 2 million, using hundreds of extras and wide vistas of the American southwest, still largely unpopulated at the time. Because of Wayne’s B-movie status and track record in low-budget Westerns throughout the 1930s, Ford had difficulty getting financing for what was to be an A-budget film.
America’s entry into World War II resulted in a deluge of support for the war effort from all sectors of society, and Hollywood was no exception. Republic Studios was emphatically resistant to losing him since he was their only A-list actor under contract. Republic Pictures intervened in the Selective Service process, requesting Wayne’s further deferment. South Pacific for three months in 1943 and 1944. By many accounts, his failure to serve in the military was the most painful part of his life. His widow later suggested that his patriotism in later decades sprang from guilt, writing: “He would become a ‘superpatriot’ for the rest of his life trying to atone for staying home. CIA, and had been accepted within the U.
Army’s allotted billet to the OSS. The following year, he appeared in his only film directed by Cecil B. In 1949, director Robert Rossen offered the starring role of All the King’s Men to Wayne. Wayne refused, believing the script to be un-American in many ways. Gregory Peck due to his refusal to work for Columbia Pictures because its chief, Harry Cohn, had mistreated him years before when he was a young contract player. William Wellman, and based on a novel by Ernest K.