Biochemistry nucleic acids pdf

Please forward this error screen to 216. Journal of Applied Microbiology and Biochemistry nucleic acids pdf is a peer reviewed journal that focusses on publication of manuscripts pertaining to the application of micro-organisms in industrial and molecular microbiology.

The journal also publishes research developments related to biochemical engineering, biochemical pharmacology and diagnostics. The principles of biochemistry are applied for the development of advanced diagnostic tools like Ames test, pregnancy test kits and PKU test for phenylketonuria diagnosis as well as in treatment of diseases such as cancer, arthritis and other metabolic disorders. The aim and scope of this Journal is to produce high quality articles on related aspects of Microbiology and Biochemistry. The journal accepts manuscripts in the form of original research article, review article, short communication, case report, letter-to-the-Editor and Editorials for publication in an open access platform. All the articles published in the journal can be accessed online without any subscription charges and will receive the benefit of extensive worldwide visibility.

Applied Microbiology and Biochemistry follows single blind peer review process for validating the quality and worth of each received manuscript. Review process is performed under the aegis of the Editorial Board members of the Journal. After primary quality check each article is reviewed by the outside experts under the guidance of the assigned Editor. At least two independent reviewers approval followed by Editor Approval is mandatory for acceptance of any submission. Processing of the articles will be done through the Editorial Manager System for hassle free operation by the authors and the publisher. It helps in maintaining the quality of the peer review process and provides easy access to the authors to track the process of manuscript evaluation and publication in an automated way. Contagious Diseases Infectious disease, also known as communicable disease is illness resulting from an infection.

Infection is the invasion of an organism’s body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to these organisms and the toxins they produce. Molecular Biology Molecular Biology is an interdisciplinary field of science that deals with the fields of chemistry, structure and biology as it seeks to understand life and cellular processes at the molecular level. Molecular biology explores cells, their characteristics, parts, and chemical processes, and pays special attention to how molecules control a cell’s activities and growth. To understand the behaviour of cells, it is important to add to the molecular level of description an understanding on the level of systems biology. Applied Biochemistry Applied Biochemistry is the part of biochemistry where knowledge and methods related to biochemistry are applied to real world problems like to investigate cause of diseases in medicine, to study effect of nutritional deficiencies, to find ways for pest control, improve productivity and storage in agriculture. Biomolecules A biomolecule is any molecule that is present in living organisms, including large macromolecules such as proteins, polysaccharides, lipids, and nucleic acids, as well as small molecules such as primary metabolites, secondary metabolites, and natural products.

There are thousands of different types of molecules in a cell. Mycobacterial Diseases Mycobacterial diseases are the bacterial diseases, caused by the member of Actinobacteria family. These mycobacterial diseases include tuberculosis, leprosy, Mycobacteria ulcer and Mycobacterium Para tuberculosis. Symptoms of diseases are fever, weight loss and fatigue. Mycobacterial Diseases come in two forms: Contained form and the Aggressive form. People suffering from contained form of mycobacterial diseases develop only the Cell-mediated immunity.

However, sufferers from aggressive form of disease mount up the humoral immune response to the infecting mycobacteria. Clinical Microbiology Clinical microbiology is the study of micro-organisms that caused infections and diseases to Human and other animals. It is an adaptation of microbiological techniques to the study of etiological agents of infectious disease. It often deals with hospital-acquired and public-health problems that affect both hospital and community.

Bacterial Infection Infections caused by disease causing bacteria or pathogenic bacteria termed as Bacterial Infection. Serious infections can be treated with antibiotics, which work by disrupting the bacterium’s metabolic processes, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. Advances in Applied Microbiology Applied Microbiology deals with the study of Medical microbiology. Medical Microbiology Medical microbiology deals with response of immune system to the invading microorganism. It deals with conducting and interpreting tests for viral, fungal and parasitic infections and also with bacterial pathogenesis of humans. Background: Bacteria produce antibiotic-degrading enzymes such as carbapenemases. Dealing with Disease and Health issues?

Diagramatic representation of the key structural features of the DNA double helix. This figure does not depict B-DNA. This article is often termed a “pearl” of science because it is brief and contains the answer to a fundamental mystery about living organisms. This mystery was the question of how it is possible that genetic instructions are held inside organisms and how they are passed from generation to generation.

The application of physics and chemistry to biological problems led to the development of molecular biology. Molecular biology is particularly concerned with the flow and consequences of biological information at the level and proteins. The discovery of the DNA double helix made clear that genes are functionally defined parts of DNA molecules and that there must be a way for cells to make use of their DNA genes in order to make proteins. Linus Pauling was a chemist who was very influential in developing an understanding of the structure of biological molecules. In 1951, Pauling published the structure of the alpha helix, a fundamentally important structural component of proteins. In early 1953, Pauling published an incorrect triple helix model of DNA. Max Delbrück was a physicist who recognized some of the biological implications of quantum physics.

This section needs additional citations for verification. It is not always the case that the structure of a molecule is easy to relate to its function. What makes the structure of DNA so obviously related to its function was described modestly at the end of the article: “It has not escaped our notice that the specific pairing we have postulated immediately suggests a possible copying mechanism for the genetic material”. The two base-pair complementary chains of the DNA molecule allow replication of the genetic instructions. The “specific pairing” is a key feature of the Watson and Crick model of DNA, the pairing of nucleotide subunits. Indeed, the base-pairing did suggest a way to copy a DNA molecule.

Just pull apart the two sugar-phosphate backbones, each with its hydrogen bonded A, T, G, and C components. Each strand could then be used as a template for assembly of a new base-pair complementary strand. When Watson and Crick produced their double helix model of DNA, it was known that most of the specialized features of the many different life forms on Earth are made possible by proteins. Structurally, proteins are long chains of amino acid subunits. In some way, the genetic molecule, DNA, had to contain instructions for how to make the thousands of proteins found in cells. Other advances in molecular biology stemming from the discovery of the DNA double helix eventually led to ways to sequence genes. James Watson directed the Human Genome Project at the National Institutes of Health.