What future for education in England? Education in England: a brief history is my copyright. You are welcome education and indoctrination pdf download it and print it for your own personal use, or for use in a school or other educational establishment, provided my name as the author is attached.
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By 1982 the Thatcher government was highly unpopular. Public services Thatcher’s neo-liberal policies affected not only industry and commerce but also public services. Conservative legislation sought to drive neo-liberal principles into the heart of public policy. An emphasis on cost reduction, privatisation and deregulation was accompanied by vigorous measures against the institutional bases of Conservatism’s opponents, and the promotion of new forms of public management. Selection Despite their claims to be radical and modernising, Thatcher’s Tories – and the ‘New Right’ which supported them – couldn’t bring themselves to ditch the elitist policies of the past.
The most obvious of these was selection for secondary education. Thus the 1979 Education Act – Thatcher’s first – gave back to LEAs the right to select pupils for secondary education at 11. Preparing the ground When she took office in May 1979 Thatcher appointed Mark Carlisle as her first education secretary. The curriculum In 1976 Labour prime minister Jim Callaghan had begun the ‘Great Debate’ on the nature and purposes of education. Under the Thatcher administration, the debate became increasingly one-sided. The opening shot was the publication in 1979 of LEA Arrangements for the School Curriculum which required local authorities to publish their curriculum policies. The teachers Central government also sought greater control over teachers.
In a move designed to reduce the influence of teachers in curriculum development, the Schools Council, in which teachers had played a significant role, was abolished in 1984. The local authorities For Thatcher, the local authorities – many of them run by Labour – were an irritant, blocking central government’s ability to affect what was going on in the schools. It repealed Labour’s 1976 Act and gave back to LEAs the right to select pupils for secondary education at 11. 1978 Warnock Report Special Educational Needs. United Kingdom, the Channel Islands or the Isle of Man’ and to exclude such students from being eligible for certain discretionary awards. Act 1984 on expenditure approved for education support grant purposes, and excluded remuneration for lunchtime supervision from the Remuneration of Teachers Act 1965.
1986 Education Act In May 1986 Kenneth Baker replaced Keith Joseph as education secretary. He was kept busy: there were two education acts in his first year in the job. It implemented the proposals set out in the 1985 White Paper Better Schools which were summarised in the DES booklet Better Schools: A Summary. The infamous Section 28 of this act forbade local authorities from ‘promoting teaching in any maintained school of the acceptability of homosexuality as a pretended family relationship’. The Act was presented as giving power to the schools. In fact, it took power away from the LEAs and the schools and gave them all to the secretary of state – it gave him hundreds of new powers.
HE students and so began the diminution of student grants. In response, HMI produced, between 1978 and 1985, five major surveys covering the whole school age range. 1981 Rampton Report In March 1979 Jim Callaghan’s Labour government had set up the Committee of Enquiry into the Education of Children from Ethnic Minority Groups, with priority being given to children of West Indian origin. The Committee continued its work under the Thatcher government and published its interim report, West Indian Children in our Schools, in 1981. 1982 Cockcroft Report Callaghan’s Labour administration had also commissioned a report on the teaching of maths, in the light of concerns expressed by the Education, Arts and Home Office Sub-Committee of the Parliamentary Expenditure Committee in July 1977.